Environmental impact studies
The environmental impact study is a technical document to evaluate the impact or effects on the environment of projects, plans or activities.
This type of reports is made when required by the regulatory authority to guarantee a high level of environmental protection throughout the territory of the State, in order to promote sustainable development.
In the case of Spain, the rule establishing the exclusive competence of the State in terms of basic legislation on environmental protection is the Law 21/2013 on Environmental Assessment.
In case of a negative resolution, the environmental impact study may condition the future of the project to be developed. Hence its importance and the need to have a team of experts in this field for its preparation, as is the case of IPMA technicians.
The preparation of the environmental impact study takes into account aspects such as the location and purpose of the project and an environmental inventory.
Likewise, an assessment and quantification of the foreseeable direct or indirect effects of the activity projected on the previous aspects related to the environment is carried out and preventive and corrective measures are proposed, as well as alternatives for the development of the project.
Urban projects, hydraulic works, mining projects, road construction, bridges or ports are some of the examples of actions requiring a prior environmental impact study to know the impact on flora, fauna and the environment in general where they are projected to develop.
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